State Economy

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  • The State is blessed with abundant arable land for agricultural development. It is estimated that 65% of the total land area of the State is cultivatable.
  • Acclaimed the ‘Food Basket’ of the nation, the State enjoyed World Bank assisted Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) which has exposed its vast subsistence farmers to modern Agricultural practices. Today, the State produces surplus quantities of food and cash crops for industrial purposes. These include Cereals such as Millet, Maize, Rice, Sorghum and Wheat. This has led to the establishment of Mills that produce Millet flour, Rice and Maize flour, Cornflakes and Animal Feeds respectively.
  • Legumes such as Cowpea, Groundnut,Soya-beans etc. are grown in commercial quantities, as well as industrial crops such as Cotton, Ginger, Sugarcane, Sunflower and Beniseed. They provide abundant raw materials for the establishment of Spinning and Textile, Sugar Factory and Oil extraction companies.
  • Besides the development of industrial crops, Fish production is also predominant in the State while Goat, Sheep, Cattle and Rabbits are reared to provide meat for local consumption and industrial uses. In addition, Poultry farming is encouraged by government to boost meat production. The State has a Meat Processing Company and Tannery, and has prospects for more related industries.
  • The State has two functional dams, one essentially for the supply of drinking water to Bauchi metropolis and the second, Waya dam for irrigation purposes. The third dam, Kafin Zaki is under construction. It is the largest and can generate electricity in addition to irrigation and fish farming.
  • Apart from the dams, the State is watered by the Gongola and Jama’are Rivers. These rivers cut across some local government areas in the State and provide suitable Fadama areas for massive food and cash crop production.